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Many have heard about the dangers of high heels, but not everyone understands that this is not only inconvenient, but can even lead to problems with the spine. Even less waiting for such a “meanness” from seemingly innocuous ballet shoes. About all kinds of dangerous shoes – in the material of the orthopedic traumatologist Yuri Glazkov.
Full member of ESSKA, AAOS, ASTAOR, ATOR. He was awarded the Crystal Lotos Award in the nomination “The Best Sports Traumatologist-2018”.Orthopedic doctors often come to the reception of a woman with foot problems. Men with similar problems are treated much less frequently. What is the reason? First of all, a man has stronger legs, they are not so easily injured or damaged by improper footwear. Secondly, women are much more likely to wear uncomfortable shoes for the sake of beauty. They suffer pain, do not pay attention to bruises, swelling, cramps and leg fatigue. But is beauty really worth such sacrifices? After all, tomorrow you can pay for today’s attractiveness with your own health! Some types of footwear damage not only the feet, but also the knees, the spine. Many diseases acquired through the fault of uncomfortable shoes require surgical treatment. Thus, the correct choice of shoes is very important for maintaining the health and beauty of the feet. In this case, “correct” means that convenience and practicality will be put higher than the appearance.

Here are 5 types of shoes that should be worn as rarely as possible:

1. High Heels
Such shoes are considered very beautiful and feminine. It goes well with both evening dresses and business style. Many wear high-heeled shoes to work. This is fraught with a huge amount of negative health effects. In such shoes the woman’s foot feels extremely uncomfortable. Nature does not provide for the main weight load to be placed on the fingers.

The main disadvantages of such shoes:

the foot is in an unnatural position;
a woman in high-heeled shoes is not stable, she can fall and get injured;
dislocations of the ankle often occur;
the load on the spine increases, in particular on its lumbar region, therefore, in a few years, lordosis (lumbar flexion) may increase;
over time, a special gait is formed with a pelvis protruding backwards;
osteochondrosis may develop.
With frequent wear of such shoes, sooner or later there may come a moment when the heel gets stuck in the gap or breaks. Well, if at this point in the hands will not be a hot kettle or something beating, as this causes additional damage from burns or splinters. But the fall itself is very unpleasant. It can result in a bone fracture, dislocation of the joint or a traumatic brain injury.

Wear high-heeled shoes from time to time. Just do not do it too often. It is advisable to wear them no more than 2-3 times a week. The time during which you wear such shoes should be at a minimum limited.

2. Shoes on the platform
It would seem that the platform is a safe replacement for high heels. She never breaks, does not overload so much the fingers of a woman. At the same time, the platform also allows you to look taller than your real growth and adds slimness to your legs.

But in reality, such shoes also have a number of drawbacks, namely:

the sole is too thick, which limits the possibility of receiving “feedback” from the surface on which you walk;
lack of stability (it is higher than that of high-heeled shoes, but lower than that of most other types of shoes);
shifts the center of gravity of the body, so it can cause problems with the spine;
violates the biomechanics of the foot (part of the load goes to the muscles of the leg, so with prolonged wear, the muscles of the foot may weaken);
shoes are often heavy due to the massive soles, so in the warm season the legs get tired quickly and swell because of it;
Due to the large thickness of the sole, the shoe does not bend, therefore physiological movements of the foot during walking are impossible.
Wearing shoes on the platform does not cost too often. Wear it only when the weather permits. In the rain, snow, ice it does not need to use. A woman in such shoes does not feel the surface on which she walks, because of which the risk of falling increases many times over.

3. Ballet shoes
Thick outsole is bad. But too thin also does not carry anything good! The sole protects our feet from traumatic factors and provides cushioning. Thus, it ensures the safety of not only the foot itself, but also of the knees, hip joints, and the spine.

While walking, a person constantly experiences a certain shock load. It increases with:

large body mass;
fast walking, running or jumping;
hard surface (asphalt shock load is greater than on grass, sand or rubber);
too thin sole.
That is why pains in the legs, knee joints and spine appear during long ballet wearing.

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