Postpartum Depression – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
For someone, postpartum depression sounds like a figure of speech and “whim”. But it is really a serious disease, which affects up to 20% of mothers. And the worst thing you can do is blame the woman for “giving in to weakness.” Because the woman at this moment is so bad that you don’t want anyone to experience it on their own skin. It is important to read to everyone: not only mothers, but also their loved ones, in order to know how to save a woman in such a situation. Details – in the material of the psychologist Irina Maltseva.The psychological state of the mother and the way out
Postpartum depression in our society is a relatively new phenomenon, although the problem, as such, has existed for a long time. In the epoch of industrialization, when people reached out to big cities, and each family began to live separately from the older generation, it turned out that, on the one hand, here it is – a small happiness – a separate dwelling. On the other hand, in such a situation, a woman with a child in her arms turns out to be completely alone within four walls, and there is not always someone nearby who is ready to lend a helping hand to the young mother and to be always there.
After a happy event in the life of a young family and the return from the maternity hospital, the mother, in fact, lives in increased activity 24 hours a day – wash, feed, put to bed, clean up the house, and if there are other children, the task becomes more complicated factor of. It is good if the father of the child takes an active part in the care of the baby, giving the mother at least some rest. But if there is no such possibility, the woman is “on the verge”.
Postpartum depression is a depressed and depressed mental state that occurs in about 20% of women. This is a signal that the woman has exceeded the mental, physical and emotional capabilities of the body to adapt to new conditions, and she needs immediate help. And the advice of the “well-wishers” – to pull oneself in, not to dissolve – even more aggravated the already grave condition of the young mother.
How is this condition expressed?
In depressed women, all emotions and desires are depressed. She does not want to eat, she takes food nominally, without pleasure. She does not want to work around the house, communicate with people, she avoids contact.
Postpartum depression manifests itself in different ways, it can appear immediately after childbirth, or a month, or 3-4 months after childbirth. The postpartum euphoria has already ended, and the baby still does not give a backlash on maternal care and affection.
Depression usually lasts from several days to several months. The cause of postpartum depression is to some extent associated with hormonal changes occurring in the woman’s body after pregnancy and after childbirth.
However, there are other factors that increase the likelihood of depression:
if a woman experienced depression and other periods of her life;
there are problems or difficulties in the relationship with the husband / partner;
the child was born premature, sick or has developmental disorders;
if a woman in the recent past has lost a loved one (for example, her parents died or someone else, very close).
It is believed that depression occurs more often in women with high social status and level of education. However, this is not always the case. The risk of depression is much higher for women living in difficult conditions, not receiving the support of loved ones, having problems with finances, work, and being subjected to violence. Famous and educated women in plain sight. They just can afford to talk openly about feelings and seek help.
Another cause of depression can be the difficult childhood of the mother herself. A woman who grew up without maternal care and affection, in an orphanage or in a family where there were often scandals, is harder to take care of the child. The earliest memories are not erased from memory, they continue to affect the person. Relatives do not understand the state of a woman, because the birth of a child should be a happy event! If depression still caught up, do not be afraid. However, it is worth remembering that depression is not a “blues” and “whim”, as some believe. Depression is a disease, and it should be treated by seeking help from specialists.
The first step out of depression is awareness of your condition. This is a normal stage in the life of every woman. And no matter what the child was born.
This condition is temporary and will not last long. And most importantly, each person has their own internal resources to overcome this state. And communication with the child, the joyful moments from touching it will help, first of all, to cope with the inner state.
Often depression is associated with an emerging feeling of guilt. Mom thinks she is doing something wrong or paying little attention to the child, especially if the baby was born prematurely or with health problems.