Psychosomatics: psychological causes of diseases and ways to deal with them
Psychosomatics does not fit into the banal “stop being nervous – and everything will pass.” And it does not mean at all that serious diseases should not be treated by traditional methods. But in order to recover faster, psychosomatics must be taken into account. And those doctors who use the psychosomatic approach achieve much better results. What is psychosomatics and how to use it – in the material of Anna Rybakova.“Two weeks ago I began to notice that after eating in the stomach it was as if a stone, as if the food was not digested, I always feel bitter taste in my mouth, I feel sick and sickening. I turned to different doctors, did all sorts of tests and examinations, but everything is normal, and no one finds anything. I’m confused, I’m getting worse, I’m anxious, I’ve started to sleep poorly … Doctor, let’s do an MRI of all the organs! ”- so often the reception of a therapist or, for example, a gastroenterologist begins.
At the same time, the modern world of medicine announces an abundance of laboratory and instrumental examination methods that make it possible to detect the disease and promptly start treatment. However, despite this, “blind zones” remain, which neither the analysis nor the apparatus can identify. All this “unexplored” space is occupied by psychosomatic symptoms. The household term “psychosomatics” still has extremely vague features and often resembles something esoteric and non-existent. “Advanced” patients, albeit with a grin, say that “yes, I know that all diseases are from nerves” and “yes, I was once put on vegetative-vascular dystonia”. But after all, a visit to a doctor is not so much about searching for the names of diseases, as for solutions and recipes.
What diseases are most often psychosomatic
A psychosomatic patient is every third in outpatient admission. These can be patients with depressions, reactions to chronic stress, with somatic diseases that worsen the quality of life (ischemic heart disease, irritable bowel syndrome, psoriasis, etc.).
Historically, this category includes classic psychosomatic diseases (“holy seven” – “holy seven”): bronchial asthma, ulcerative colitis, essential hypertension, neurodermatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Currently, these diseases also include psychosomatic thyrotoxicosis, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and somatoform behavior disorders. The latter are frequent companions in everyday life: a feeling of incomplete shortness of breath, stiffness of the chest during breathing, stitching pains and pressure in the heart, palpitations, sweating of the palms and body tremors, non-localized migrating abdominal pain, etc.
Causes of psychosomatics
There are many formulations, concepts and theories about how psychosomatic symptoms are formed. One of the simplest and most understandable is this: there is an unresolved emotion or a deep feeling that, for various reasons, do not find for themselves “an outlet” in the usual mental sphere, then they “knock” on the somatic, that is, on the body.
Thus, from the point of view of psychosomatics, a feeling of incomplete and difficult breathing, chest stiffness when breathing, accompanied by a yawn, may be signs that the person is “difficult to breathe,” “do not breathe,” “do not breathe out”. Or stitching pains and pressure in the heart, palpitations call to pay attention to the fact that the central support feeling that sustains life suffers. Many of the symptoms, concentrated in the chest, indicate a decrease and impoverishment of the human vital forces. These symptoms frighten, develop lightning-fast insuperable anxiety and the fear of death, make the patient extremely vulnerable.
If you go back to the beginning, the symptoms described by the patient can speak about a problem that she cannot “swallow”, “digest” and “assimilate”, about some toxic and toxic situation in life. And in the case when the patient does not find support and understanding from the doctor, he is subject to a series of unsuccessful attempts to independently establish the diagnosis, choose paramedical methods of diagnosis and treatment, it becomes quite difficult not to plunge into the disease even more. The quality of personal and professional life is declining, the range of interests is narrowed, the diet is forcedly and unreasonably changing, the perception of oneself is distorted. Along with this discomfort overtakes the loved ones of the patient.
The development of psychosomatics
Any disease has a goal – to develop, thereby destroying the body and worsening the prognosis. Somatic diseases requiring medical treatment and sometimes hospitalization, during their existence, “overgrow” with a mass of psychosomatic symptoms that distort the picture of the disease so much that even after many days of treatment or surgery, there is no “healing” effect and the symptoms return.